The Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of diabetes 2 more than previously thought.
A study published today in the journal PLOS Medicine examines adherence to the Mediterranean diet and the incidence of type 2 diabetes. The researchers studied how specific biomarkers in the blood can be used to measure people’s adherence to a Mediterranean diet. Based on their measurements, the researchers reported that following a Mediterranean diet could help lower the risk of type 2 diabetes. They also said that using biomarkers as a measurement tool can also help people stick to their diet plans.
A very common disease worldwide
Type 2 diabetes is common throughout the world. It can contribute to certain complications and poor health outcomes such as nerve damage, kidney problems and heart conditions. However, certain risk factors can increase the chances of developing the condition, including obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. Researchers are still working to fully understand the risk factors for type 2 diabetes and how people can best lower their risk through lifestyle changes.
A very healthy option
One area of interest is how adherence to specific diets may benefit people who are at risk for diabetes and people who have diabetes. The Mediterranean diet is one option that may offer certain benefits. This diet focuses on plant-based sources of nutrients and limits consumption of processed foods.
A healthy eating pattern
Angela Ginn-Meadow, a dietitian and diabetes educator who was not involved in the study, offered more information to Medical News Today. Ginn-Meadow said that «the Mediterranean diet is a healthy eating pattern that has been shown to improve health and decrease the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.» In addition, she noted that «biomarker measurement can be a useful tool for assessing dietary adherence and the effectiveness of dietary intervention.»
Changes needed to improve health
The researchers emphasize that monitoring specific biomarkers can help individuals assess their adherence to a Mediterranean diet and make necessary changes to improve their health and prevent type 2 diabetes. In addition, the Mediterranean diet can be an effective and affordable strategy for the prevention and treatment of type 2 diabetes. Therefore, physicians and patients should consider the Mediterranean diet as part of a comprehensive treatment plan.